Archive for the ‘Paine, James’ Category

James Paine interiors

January 14, 2011

The Saloon at Uppark, West Sussex, probably designed by James Paine. The compartmented ceiling and the pedimented chimneypiece are typical of Paine. ©NTPL/Nadia Mackenzie

The previous post showing Gibside Chapel designed by James Paine gave me the idea to feature some of his interiors.

The Drawing Room at Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire. The chimneypiece and ceiling were designed by Paine, while the doorcases and sofas are slightly later additions by Robert Adam. ©NTPL/Nadia Mackenzie

Paine seems to have been born in Andover, Hampshire, in 1717 as the youngest child of a carpenter.  

Detail of the chimneypiece designed by Paine in the Dining Room at Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire. The grotesque decoration on the wall is by Adam. ©NTPL/Andreas von Einsiedel

He appears to have studied at the St Martin’s Lane Academy in London and then to have come into contact with the circle of the 3rd Earl of Burlington, the promotor of Palladian architecture.

The top-lit Stair Hall by Paine at Felbrigg Hall, Norfolk. ©NTPL/Nadia Mackenzie

Paine built up a succesful architectural practice, both in Yorkshire and the north-east as well as in southern England.

The Dining Room at Felbrigg, created by Paine in 1752. ©NTPL/John Hammond

Although he worked within the context of Palladianism, he emphasized the need to make classical architecture fit contemporary needs. Top-lit staircase halls were one of his specialities.

The Staircase Hall at Uppark, another example of Paine's compact, top-lit staircases. The red baize door leads to the servants' quarters. ©NTPL/Geoffrey Frosh

In his earlier interiors Paine mixed Palladian with Rococo, but later he also adopted the newly fashionable neoclassical style.

Paine's Rococo ceiling of the Staircase Hall at Uppark. ©NTPL/Andreas von Einsiedel

Elegant chimnneypieces were another signature element of Paine’s, for which he ran a dedicated workshop.

For this post I consulted the guidebooks for Felbrigg Hall, Kedleston Hall, Nostell Priory, Uppark and Wallington as well as the entry on Paine by Peter Leach in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

Strawberry Castle forever

January 12, 2011

View from the Long Walk at Gibside to the Chapel, begun in 1760 to the design of James Paine. ©NTPL/Mark Bolton

Gibside, near Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, has launched a family competition to design a new adventure playground based on one the garden’s lost follies.

The triple-decker pulpit in the Chapel. The interior was not completed until 1816. ©NTPL/Mark Bolton©NTPL/Mark Bolton

Historical documents in Durham County Record Office indicate that there was a structure called the Strawberry Castle there in the eighteenth century. However, it is not clear where exactly it was located or what it looked like.

The Stables, designed by Daniel Garrett. The five-bay Palladian front could be seen from the New Coach Way, but the front with the carriage entrance was built in vernacular style. ©NTPL/Robert Morris

The landscape garden at Gibside was created by George Bowes (1701-1760), a landowner and businessman, between 1729 and 1760. It was a mixture of formal and informal elements and contained a number of garden buildings by Daniel Garrett and James Paine.

The Column to Liberty. ©NTPL/Robert Morris

Bowes’s support for the Whig party is shown by the Column to Liberty dominating the lower Derwent valley.

The ruins of the Green House. ©NTPL/Nick Meers

George Bowes’s daughter Mary Eleanor (1749-1800), a noted botanist, had a Green House built to shelter her exotic plants.

From the late nineteenth century Gibside went into a slow decline. In 1974 the Chapel and the Long Walk were given to the National Trust, which has since gradually been reuniting and restoring the core of the estate. The important early neo-Gothic Banqueting House is owned by the Landmark Trust.

Local primary school children working in the Walled Garden, where vegetables are now grown organically. ©NTPL/Mark Bolton

Designs and ideas for the Strawberry Castle adventure playground can be sent to Emily Bryce, Visitor Services Manager, Gibside, nr. Rowland’s Gill, Burnopfield, Gateshead NE16 6BG before 28 February 2011.