Titian, An Unknown Man in a Black Plumed Hat, c. 1515-20, at Petworth, possibly acquired by the 10th Earl of Northumberland, accepted by HM Government in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the National Trust in 1956, NT 486242
The painter John Constable, in awe of the collections assembled at Petworth House, the seat of the Percy, Seymour and Wyndham families in West Sussex, once called it ‘that house of art’. Following several successful winter exhibitions featuring loans from other museum, Petworth curator Andy Loukes has now drawn on the house’s own collections to put together a show of major old master paintings.
Paris Bordone, Portrait of a Young Woman, c. 1550, at Petworth, collection of Lord Egremont.
Petworth House was given to the National Trust by the 3rd Lord Leconfield in 1947. To meet the inheritance tax due following his death in 1952, his nephew John Wyndham, later the 1st Lord Egremont, brokered a pioneering agreement with the Treasury to pay part of the tax in the form of works of art, which were then allocated to the National Trust.
Agnolo Bronzino, Portrait of a Young Man, c. 1550-5, at Petworth, in the collection of the 3rd Earl of Egremont by 1835, collection of Lord Egremont
This kind of arrangement has now become a well-established system called the Acceptance in Lieu Scheme, which is hugely beneficial to UK museums.
The current Lord Egremont still owns part of the Petworth collection, and some of those paintings are also on view in this exhibition.
Sir Anthony van Dyck, Portrait of Anne Boteler, Countess of Newport, later Countess of Portland, c. 1637, at Petworth, in the collection of the 10th Earl of Northumberland in 1652, accepted by HM Government in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the National Trust in 1956, NT 486238
Petworth is already well known for its British pictures, so for this exhibition Andy has focused more on Continental European paintings. Some of the works have not been on public view before, while others have recently undergone conservation work, revealing new detail and depth.
Anglo-Netherlandish School, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, 1530, at Petworth, in the collection of the 3rd Earl of Egremont by 1835, accepted in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the National Trust in 1956, NT 486204
The exhibition also celebrates the successive collectors who made Petworth into ‘that house of art’, including Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-68), and Charles Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont (1751-1837).